In a Cisco environment, a RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) server is commonly used to authenticate users for various network services, one of which is network access. This lab introduces using a RADIUS server to allows for centralized user authentication. Instead of maintaining separate user accounts and authentication databases on each network device. All authentication requests are sent to the RADIUS server. This centralization simplifies administration and ensures consistent authentication across the network.
Cisco AAA (Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting) local authentication is a security feature that allows network administrators to control access to network devices and services by requiring users to provide valid credentials before accessing them. With local authentication, administrators can define user accounts and passwords locally on a network device, rather than relying on external authentication servers.
To configure Cisco AAA local authentication, follow these steps:
In this tutorial we look at errdisable recovery and highlight it on the PocketCLI Network Simulator. Errdisable recovery is a feature on Cisco switches that allows network administrators to automatically activate an err-disabled port after a specified timeout period.
A common cause for an interface to be placed in err-disable status is a port security violation. Please reference the tutorial Port Security - Configuration for more details. The port in the err-disabled state needs an administrator to manually restore the port back to operation. Activation of the port will be accomplished by issuing the command shutdown followed by the no shutdown command.
The topology below will be used for this tutorial:
By default, all Cisco switches have Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) enabled. However, you can choose to configure STP on your switches manually.
STP is used by switches to prevent loops (broadcast storms) from disrupting local area networks. It ensures that there is only one logical path between all destinations on the network, which is achieved by disabling unwanted paths and blocking ports that could cause the loop.
A switch blocks a port when it detects a loop on the network. On the network segment with switches, one switch is elected to be Root Bridge on the network. Other switches on the network then select one of its ports as Root Port. Also, a Designated Port is chosen on each segment and any other ports are put in Blocking state. We shall follow these same procedure in our manual configurations.
The lab below is used in this tutorial:
In this tutorial, we shall look at port security and how it is configured. Port security is a security feature on Cisco Catalyst Switches that is configured to restrict input to an interface by limiting or assigning particular MAC addresses of hosts that are allowed to access the port. When port security is configured on a particular port, it allows access for only allowed MAC address(es) on the port. Any unauthorized MAC address that connects to the port cannot access network resources.
Configuring Port Security
In this tutorial, we shall use the topology below to configure port security on our switch.